- Clipperton Island
Introduction ::Clipperton IslandBackground:This isolated atoll was named for John CLIPPERTON, a pirate who was rumored to have made it his hideout early in the 18th century. Annexed by France in 1855 and claimed by the United States, it was seized by Mexico in 1897. Arbitration eventually awarded the island to France in 1931, which took possession in 1935.Geography ::Clipperton IslandLocation:Middle America, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, 1,120 km southwest of MexicoGeographic coordinates:10 17 N, 109 13 WArea:total: 6 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 245land: 6 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:about 12 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:11.1 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical; humid, average temperature 20-32 degrees C, wet season (May to October)Terrain:coral atollElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mhighest point: Rocher Clipperton 29 mNatural resources:fishLand use:arable land: 0%permanent crops: 0%other: 100% (all coral) (2011)Natural hazards:NAEnvironment - current issues:NAGeography - note:the atoll reef is approximately 12 km (7.5 mi) in circumference; an effort to colonize the atoll in the early 20th century ended in disaster and was abandoned in 1917People and Society ::Clipperton IslandPopulation:uninhabitedGovernment ::Clipperton IslandCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: Clipperton Islandlocal long form: nonelocal short form: Ile Clippertonformer: sometimes called Ile de la PassionDependency status:possession of France; administered directly by the Minister of Overseas FranceLegal system:the laws of France applyFlag description:the flag of France is usedEconomy ::Clipperton IslandEconomy - overview:Although 115 species of fish have been identified in the territorial waters of Clipperton Island, the only economic activity is tuna fishing.Transportation ::Clipperton IslandPorts and terminals:none; offshore anchorage onlyMilitary ::Clipperton IslandMilitary - note:defense is the responsibility of FranceTransnational Issues ::Clipperton IslandDisputes - international:none"
The World Factbook. 2014.